J-Curve Theory Definition. A J-Curve is a term used in several different fields to refer to a variety of unrelated J-shaped diagrams where a curve initially falls, but then rises to higher than the starting point. When speaking of currencies and a country’s trade balance, the J-Curve Theory states that a country’s trade deficit will worsen initially after the depreciation of its currency because higher prices on foreign imports will be greater than the reduced volume of imports. However, over time the effects of the forex change on the price of exports will lead to increased demand from abroad, and eventually the net difference between imports and exports, the country’s balance of payments, will improve. The term can also apply to new equity funds that experience high startup costs initially with related low returns. However, as time passes, the returns improve and reflect the J-pattern when charted.
Risk Statement: Trading Foreign Exchange on margin carries a high level of risk and may not be suitable for all investors. The possibility exists that you could lose more than your initial deposit. The high degree of leverage can work against you as well as for you.